Stanford University researchers build solar cell completely from carbon recently reported on some new solar cell technology: paintable carbon.

Stanford University researchers have built a solar cell made completely from carbon, which will make solar much cheaper to manufacture and easy to install.

It would be painted onto a roof as a coating, giving it the "potential to deliver high performance at a low cost," says chemical engineering Professor Zhenan Bao. It could also be painted on the surface of buildings, windows and cars.

This isn’t the first time that carbon solar cells have been created, but it is a simpler and less expensive process for creating solar cells as well as creating sturdy solar cells.

The research team has filed a patent for the device. "Other groups have reported making all-carbon solar cells, but they were referring to just the active layer in the middle, not the electrodes," says Stanford graduate student Michael Vosgueritchian.

Carbon also absorbs a lot of solar energy and has extraordinary electrical conductivity, she says.

Bao and her colleagues used sheets of carbon just one atom thick and single-walled carbon nanotubes that are 10,000 times narrower than a human hair.

"Materials made of carbon are very robust," she says. "They remain stable in air temperatures of nearly 1,100 degrees Fahrenheit." The ability of carbon solar cells to out-perform conventional devices under extreme conditions is a distinct advantage.

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